So why go on? On October 5, , Manson attempted to kill Judge Older while the jury was present in the room. Manson first threatened Older, and then jumped over his lawyer's table with a sharpened pencil, in the direction of Older. Manson was restrained before reaching the judge. While being led out of the courtroom, Manson screamed at Older, "In the name of Christian justice, someone should cut your head off! Judge Older began wearing a.
On November 16, , the State of California rested its case after presenting twenty-two weeks worth of evidence. The defendants then stunned the courtroom by announcing that they had no witnesses to present, and rested their case. Immediately after defendants' counsel rested their case, the three female defendants shouted that they wanted to testify. Their attorneys advised the court, in chambers, that they opposed their clients testifying.
Apparently, the female defendants wanted to testify that Manson had had nothing to do with the murders. The following day, Manson himself announced that he too wanted to testify. The judge allowed Manson to testify outside the presence of the jury. He stated as follows:. These children that come at you with knives, they are your children. You taught them. I didn't teach them.
I just tried to help them stand up. Most of the people at the ranch that you call the Family were just people that you did not want. Manson continued, equating his actions to those of society at large:. I know this: that in your hearts and your souls, you are as much responsible for the Vietnam war as I am for killing these people. I can't judge any of you. I have no malice against you and no ribbons for you. But I think that it is high time that you all start looking at yourselves, and judging the lie that you live in. Manson concluded, claiming that he too was a creation of a system that he viewed as fundamentally violent and unjust:.
My father is the jailhouse. My father is your system. I am only what you made me. I am only a reflection of you. You want to kill me? I am already dead — have been all my life. I've spent twenty-three years in tombs that you have built. After Manson finished speaking, Judge Older offered to let him testify before the jury.
Manson replied that it was not necessary. Manson then told the female defendants that they no longer needed to testify.
On November 30, , Leslie Van Houten's attorney, Ronald Hughes , failed to appear for the closing arguments in the trial. His body was badly decomposed, and it was impossible to tell the cause of death.
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Hughes had disagreed with Manson during the trial, taking the position that his client, Van Houten, should not testify to claim that Manson had no involvement with the murders. Some have alleged that Hughes may have been murdered by the Manson Family.
On January 25, , the jury found Manson, Krenwinkel and Atkins guilty of first degree murder in all seven of the Tate and LaBianca killings. The jury found Van Houten guilty of murder in the first degree in the LaBianca killings.
After the convictions, the court held a separate hearing before the same jury to determine if the defendants should receive the death sentence. Each of the three female defendants — Atkins, Van Houten, and Krenwinkel — took the stand. They provided graphic details of the murders and testified that Manson was not involved. According to the female defendants, they had committed the crimes in order to help fellow Manson Family member Bobby Beausoleil get out of jail, where he was being held for the murder of Gary Hinman. The female defendants testified that the Tate-LaBianca murders were intended to be copycat crimes , similar to the Hinman killing.
Atkins, Krenwinkel and Van Houten claimed they did this under the direction of the state's prime witness, Linda Kasabian. The defendants did not express remorse for the killings. On March 4, , during the sentencing hearings, Manson trimmed his beard to a fork and shaved his head, telling the media, "I am the Devil, and the Devil always has a bald head! The state prosecutor, Vincent Bugliosi, later speculated in his book, Helter Skelter , that they refrained from doing so, in order to not appear to be completely controlled by Manson as they had when they each carved an "X" in their foreheads, earlier in the trial.
On March 29, , the jury sentenced all four defendants to death. When the female defendants were led into the courtroom, each of them had shaved their heads, as had Manson. After hearing the sentence, Atkins shouted to the jury, "Better lock your doors and watch your kids. The Manson murder trial was the longest murder trial in American history when it occurred, lasting nine and a half months. The trial was among the most publicized American criminal cases of the twentieth century and was dubbed the " trial of the century ". The jury had been sequestered for days, longer than any jury before it.
The trial transcript alone ran to volumes or 31, pages. As the death penalty was ruled unconstitutional in , Manson was re-sentenced to life with the possibility of parole. He was also convicted of first-degree murder for the August death of Donald Jerome "Shorty" Shea. Following the decision of California v. Anderson , California's death sentences were ruled unconstitutional and that "any prisoner now under a sentence of death In the s, Manson gave four interviews to the mainstream media.
Nikolas Schreck conducted an interview with Manson for his documentary Charles Manson Superstar Schreck concluded that Manson was not insane but merely acting that way out of frustration. Holmstrom explained that Manson had objected to his Hare Krishna chants and verbally threatened him.
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The unit housed inmates whose safety would be endangered by general-population housing. The footage of the "unshackled, unapologetic, and unruly" Manson had been considered "so unbelievable" that only seven minutes of it had originally been broadcast on Today , for which it had been recorded. In March , a photograph of Manson showing a receding hairline, grizzled gray beard and hair, and the swastika tattoo still prominent on his forehead was released to the public by California corrections officials.
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A spokesperson for the California Department of Corrections stated that it was not known if Manson had used the phone for criminal purposes. Only five copies were pressed: two belong to Rollins, while the other three are presumed to have been with Manson. The album remains unreleased. On January 1, , Manson was suffering from gastrointestinal bleeding at California State Prison in Corcoran when he was rushed to Mercy Hospital in downtown Bakersfield.
A source told the Los Angeles Times that Manson was seriously ill,  and TMZ reported that his doctors considered him "too weak" for surgery. Three people stated their intention to claim Manson's estate and body.
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Freeman had Manson cremated on March 20, Manson began studying Scientology while incarcerated with the help of fellow inmate Lanier Rayner, and in July , Manson listed his religion as Scientology. In , Los Angeles disk jockey Matthew Roberts released correspondence and other evidence indicating that he might be Manson's biological son. Roberts' biological mother claims that she was a member of the Manson Family who left in mid after being raped by Manson; she returned to her parents' home to complete the pregnancy, gave birth on March 22, , and put Roberts up for adoption.
In , it was announced [ by whom? She had been visiting him in prison for at least nine years and maintained several websites that proclaimed his innocence. Burton said on her website that the reason that the marriage did not take place was merely logistical. Manson was suffering from an infection and had been in a prison medical facility for two months and could not receive visitors.
She said that she still hoped that the marriage license would be renewed and the marriage would take place. On April 11, , Manson was denied release at his 12th parole hearing, which he did not attend.
After his March 27, , parole hearing, Manson refused to attend any of his later hearings. The panel at that hearing noted that Manson had a "history of controlling behavior " and "mental health issues" including schizophrenia and paranoid delusional disorder , and was too great a danger to be released. Bernardine Dohrn of the Weather Underground reportedly said of the Tate murders: "Dig it, first they killed those pigs, then they ate dinner in the same room with them, then they even shoved a fork into a victim's stomach.
The Universal Order's name and logo is a swastika between the scales of justice, remotely designed by Manson. Manson was a struggling musician, seeking to make it big in Hollywood between and The Beach Boys did a cover of one of his songs. Other songs were publicly released only after the trial for the Tate murders started. There have been several other releases of Manson recordings — both musical and spoken. One of these, The Family Jams , includes two compact discs of Manson's songs recorded by the Family in , after Manson and the others had been arrested.
Guitar and lead vocals are supplied by Steve Grogan;  [ failed verification ] additional vocals are supplied by Lynette Fromme , Sandra Good, Catherine Share, and others. Musical performers such as Kasabian ,  Spahn Ranch ,  and Marilyn Manson  derived their names from Manson and his lore. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
American criminal and cult leader. This article possibly contains inappropriate or misinterpreted citations that do not verify the text.